Cultural do’s and don’ts


Use should to make recommendations or give advice. It can also be used to express expectation.

  • You should go to school every day.
  • I should do the laundry today.


Use must to express a strong obligation

  • I must pay the bills tonight.
  • You must fix the car.

Activity: Advice about visiting your country

Give some advice about cultural do’s and don’ts for foreign people visiting your birth country.

  • You should….
  • You shouldn’t…
  • You must…
  • You mustn’t…

Talk about:

  1. Body language
  2. Table manners
  3. Greetings
  4. Directness and indirectness
  5. Family and other relationships
  6. Gifts
  7. Hospitality and visits
  8. Religion
  9. Clothing
  10. Transport and travel
  11. Tipping
  12. Politeness
  13. Eye contact
  14. Special holidays and celebrations


25 emotional memories :)


  1. Have you ever felt really frustrated?
  2. Have you ever felt really exhausted?
  3. Have you ever felt really terrified?
  4. Have you ever felt really embarrassed?
  5. Have you ever felt really ashamed of yourself for doing something bad to somebody else?
  6. Have you ever felt really proud of yourself for doing something good?
  7. Have you ever felt really excited and happy?
  8. Have you ever felt suicidal?
  9. Have you ever felt really disgusted by someone or something?
  10. Have you ever felt really horrified by news you saw on TV?
  11. Have you ever been really sick or hurt?
  12. Have you ever felt really surprised or astonished?
  13. Have you ever felt really lucky?
  14. Have you ever felt really smart?
  15. Have you ever felt really annoyed by someone or something?
  16. Have you ever felt really lost or confused?
  17. Have you ever felt really angry at someone or about something?
  18. Have you ever felt really thrilled or delighted?
  19. Have you ever felt depressed?
  20. Have you ever been really preoccupied by something?
  21. Have you ever been desperate?
  22. Have you ever been heartbroken?
  23. Have you ever felt blessed?
  24. Have you ever felt uneasy?
  25. Have you ever felt free?


Future plans


Ask your classmates about their future plans and write down their answers.

Are you going to …

  1. … go out for dinner this evening? Where ________________________?
  2. … watch a movie this weekend? What _________________________?
  3. … call someone after class? Who __________________________?
  4. … write an email tonight? Why __________________________?
  5. … have a big breakfast tomorrow? What _________________________?
  6. … play sports this week? Where ________________________?
  7. … go on holiday soon? Where ________________________?
  8. … get a job? How __________________________?
  9. … sleep early tonight? What _________________________?
  10. … buy something today? What _________________________?
  11. … improve your English skills? How __________________________?
  12. … get married in the future? Why __________________________?
  13. … learn something new? What _________________________?
  14. … travel abroad next year? Where ________________________?
  15. … save some money? Why __________________________?
  16. … clean your house? When _________________________?

Travel Idioms


  • Backseat driver: a passenger who critiques or criticizes your driving
  • Sunday driver: one who drives slowly and makes unexpected maneuvers
  • Greasy spoon: usually applied to restaurants – especially diners – serving cheap fried or grilled foods
  • Pit stop: to stop for gas, snacks, beverages, restrooms, etc.
  • Red-eye flight: any flight departing late at night
  • One for the road: having one more of something (especially a drink) before departing
  • Live out of a suitcase: to continuously travel from place to place
  • Hit the road: to begin traveling
  • Pedal to the metal: to accelerate or speed up
  • Off the beaten path/track: something that is out of the mainstream, rarely frequented or known
  • Fleabag motel/roach motel: shabby, low-priced accommodations
  • Running on fumes: driving with very little gasoline in the tank

Giving opinions

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Personal Point of View

We use these words and phrases to express a personal point of view:

  • In my experience…
  • As far as I’m concerned…
  • Speaking for myself…
  • In my opinion…
  • Personally, I think…
  • I’d say that…
  • I’d suggest that…
  • I’d like to point out that…
  • I believe that…
  • What I mean is…

General Point of View

We use these words and phrases to express a point of view that is generally thought by people:

  • It is thought that…
  • Some people say that…
  • It is considered…
  • It is generally accepted that…

Agreeing with an opinion

We use these words and phrases to agree with someone else’s point of view:

  • Of course.
  • You’re absolutely right.
  • Yes, I agree.
  • I think so too.
  • That’s a good point.
  • Exactly.
  • I don’t think so either.
  • So do I.
  • I’d go along with that.
  • That’s true.
  • Neither do I.
  • I agree with you entirely.
  • That’s just what I was thinking.
  • I couldn’t agree more.

 Disagreeing with an opinion

We use these words and phrases to disagree with someone else’s point of view:

  • That’s different.
  • I don’t agree with you.
  • However…
  • That’s not entirely true.
  • On the contrary…
  • I’m sorry to disagree with you, but…
  • Yes, but don’t you think…
  • That’s not the same thing at all.
  • I’m afraid I have to disagree.
  • I’m not so sure about that.
  • I must take issue with you on that.
  • It’s unjustifiable to say that…


Speaking activity: Make vs. Do



Interview some of the other members of the class. Be prepared to report back general findings and interesting individual facts.

In your family / household:

  • Who makes the meals?
  • Who makes the beds?
  • Who makes the most mess?
  • Who makes the most noise?
  • Who makes the decisions?
  • Who makes the most mistakes?
  • Who makes the most complaints?
  • Who makes the most phone calls?
  • Who does the cleaning?
  • Who does the shopping?
  • Who does the washing-up?
  • Who does the ironing?
  • Who could do with a bit more recognition?

Idioms related to food



  • Cooked to perfection – food that is cooked to a very high standard

This steak looks delicious. It was cooked to perfection.

  • Cook up a storm – to cook an amazing meal(s) and usually a large quantity of it

My grandmother was a great cook. She used to cook up a storm every time we visited her.

  • Eat like a horse – to eat a very large quantity

I have to cook every day. My son eats like a horse.

  • Smart cookie – intelligent

My daughter is the best student in her class. She is a smart cookie.

  • A piece of cake – very easy

This test is a piece of cake. I’ll finish in 5 minutes.

  • Bring home the bacon – earn money to feed the family

David  pays all the bills. I’m sure he is the one who brings home the bacon.

Past Simple: A speaking activity

blah_blah_blah_pacman-1         In the Past

Use the time expressions given below to talk about your memories.

Time Expressions:

  • An hour ago
  • This morning
  • Yesterday
  • Last night
  • Last week
  • Two weeks ago
  • Last year
  • Two days ago
  • Last Saturday
  • Last Sunday
  • In 2013
  • A week ago
  • When I was six
  • Yesterday afternoon
  • When I was ten
  • Yesterday evening
  • Five years ago
  • Last summer
  • A month ago
  • In 2012
  • Last winter
  • A long time ago
  • Ten years ago
  • Last month

My memories:

  1. your first job
  2. your last holiday
  3. the place where you grew up
  4. your first love
  5. your earliest memory
  6. a wedding you attended
  7. a teacher you liked or didn’t like at school
  8. a party you really enjoyed
  9. a holiday you didn’t enjoy
  10. what you did for fun when you were a teenager
  11. your first car
  12. one of your best friends at school
  13. the first time you travelled abroad or far away
  14. a hobby you used to have
  15. our first day at school
  16. your grandparents
  17. a frightening experience you had
  18. an important event in your life
  19. your happiest moment
  20. a subject you disliked at school

Asking For / Giving Advice



Asking for Advice

  • What do you think I should do (about…)?
  • What should I do (about…)?
  • What would you do (about…)?
  • What would you suggest (I do) (I should do about…)?
  • Can/Could you give me some advice (about…)?


Giving Advice

  • I think you should …
  • Why don’t you …?
  • If I were you, I would …
  • Maybe you should …
  • I suggest you …
  • How about (verb+ing….)?
  • You might try (verb+ing…)
  • I would advise you to …
  • My advice would be to …
  • It might be a good idea to …

Find out if…..


Animated Question Mark

Find out if someone in your class:                                                                                      

  1. has had a problem with the police
  2. has almost died
  3. has met a famous person
  4. has had a frightening experience on an airplane
  5. has had a premonition
  6. has had a dream that later came true
  7. has fallen in love with a person they could not have
  8. has been on a terrible date
  9. has gotten a tattoo
  10. has performed a daredevil act
  11. has backpacked in a foreign country
  12. has been to a gay bar
  13. has eaten something disgusting
  14. has won something (for example, the lottery. a contest)
  15. has been to a casino