Use should to make recommendations or give advice. It can also be used to express expectation.
- You should go to school every day.
- I should do the laundry today.
Use must to express a strong obligation
- I must pay the bills tonight.
- You must fix the car.
Activity: Advice about visiting your country
Give some advice about cultural do’s and don’ts for foreign people visiting your birth country.
- You should….
- You shouldn’t…
- You must…
- You mustn’t…
- Body language
- Table manners
- Directness and indirectness
- Family and other relationships
- Hospitality and visits
- Transport and travel
- Eye contact
- Special holidays and celebrations
Ask your classmates about their future plans and write down their answers.
Are you going to …
- … go out for dinner this evening? Where ________________________?
- … watch a movie this weekend? What _________________________?
- … call someone after class? Who __________________________?
- … write an email tonight? Why __________________________?
- … have a big breakfast tomorrow? What _________________________?
- … play sports this week? Where ________________________?
- … go on holiday soon? Where ________________________?
- … get a job? How __________________________?
- … sleep early tonight? What _________________________?
- … buy something today? What _________________________?
- … improve your English skills? How __________________________?
- … get married in the future? Why __________________________?
- … learn something new? What _________________________?
- … travel abroad next year? Where ________________________?
- … save some money? Why __________________________?
- … clean your house? When _________________________?
Personal Point of View
We use these words and phrases to express a personal point of view:
- In my experience…
- As far as I’m concerned…
- Speaking for myself…
- In my opinion…
- Personally, I think…
- I’d say that…
- I’d suggest that…
- I’d like to point out that…
- I believe that…
- What I mean is…
General Point of View
We use these words and phrases to express a point of view that is generally thought by people:
- It is thought that…
- Some people say that…
- It is considered…
- It is generally accepted that…
Agreeing with an opinion
We use these words and phrases to agree with someone else’s point of view:
- Of course.
- You’re absolutely right.
- Yes, I agree.
- I think so too.
- That’s a good point.
- I don’t think so either.
- So do I.
- I’d go along with that.
- That’s true.
- Neither do I.
- I agree with you entirely.
- That’s just what I was thinking.
- I couldn’t agree more.
Disagreeing with an opinion
We use these words and phrases to disagree with someone else’s point of view:
- That’s different.
- I don’t agree with you.
- That’s not entirely true.
- On the contrary…
- I’m sorry to disagree with you, but…
- Yes, but don’t you think…
- That’s not the same thing at all.
- I’m afraid I have to disagree.
- I’m not so sure about that.
- I must take issue with you on that.
- It’s unjustifiable to say that…
Interview some of the other members of the class. Be prepared to report back general findings and interesting individual facts.
In your family / household:
- Who makes the meals?
- Who makes the beds?
- Who makes the most mess?
- Who makes the most noise?
- Who makes the decisions?
- Who makes the most mistakes?
- Who makes the most complaints?
- Who makes the most phone calls?
- Who does the cleaning?
- Who does the shopping?
- Who does the washing-up?
- Who does the ironing?
- Who could do with a bit more recognition?
- Cooked to perfection – food that is cooked to a very high standard
This steak looks delicious. It was cooked to perfection.
- Cook up a storm – to cook an amazing meal(s) and usually a large quantity of it
My grandmother was a great cook. She used to cook up a storm every time we visited her.
- Eat like a horse – to eat a very large quantity
I have to cook every day. My son eats like a horse.
- Smart cookie – intelligent
My daughter is the best student in her class. She is a smart cookie.
- A piece of cake – very easy
This test is a piece of cake. I’ll finish in 5 minutes.
- Bring home the bacon – earn money to feed the family
David pays all the bills. I’m sure he is the one who brings home the bacon.
In the Past
Use the time expressions given below to talk about your memories.
- An hour ago
- This morning
- Last night
- Last week
- Two weeks ago
- Last year
- Two days ago
- Last Saturday
- Last Sunday
- In 2013
- A week ago
- When I was six
- Yesterday afternoon
- When I was ten
- Yesterday evening
- Five years ago
- Last summer
- A month ago
- In 2012
- Last winter
- A long time ago
- Ten years ago
- Last month
- your first job
- your last holiday
- the place where you grew up
- your first love
- your earliest memory
- a wedding you attended
- a teacher you liked or didn’t like at school
- a party you really enjoyed
- a holiday you didn’t enjoy
- what you did for fun when you were a teenager
- your first car
- one of your best friends at school
- the first time you travelled abroad or far away
- a hobby you used to have
- our first day at school
- your grandparents
- a frightening experience you had
- an important event in your life
- your happiest moment
- a subject you disliked at school
Find out if someone in your class:
- has had a problem with the police
- has almost died
- has met a famous person
- has had a frightening experience on an airplane
- has had a premonition
- has had a dream that later came true
- has fallen in love with a person they could not have
- has been on a terrible date
- has gotten a tattoo
- has performed a daredevil act
- has backpacked in a foreign country
- has been to a gay bar
- has eaten something disgusting
- has won something (for example, the lottery. a contest)
- has been to a casino